There are hundreds of different Kung fu Styles, each with their own sets of techniques and ideas. The concept of martial arts styles appeared from around the Ming dynasty (1368-1644). Before the Ming period, martial arts skills were commonly differentiated mainly by their lineage. There are common themes among these kung fu styles which allow them to be grouped according to generalized “families”, “sects”, “class”, or “schools” of martial art styles.

There are kung fu styles that mimic movements from animals, or otherwise refer or allude to animals or mythical beings such as dragons, and others that gather inspiration from various Chinese philosophies or mythologies. Some deeply-internal styles tend to focus strongly on practice relating to harnessing of qi energy, while some more-conspicuously-external styles tend more to display skills and abilities in competition or exhibition.

Traditional Chinese martial arts (传统中国武术 chuántǒng Zhōngguó wǔshù)

The following Chinese martial arts have not been influenced by other cultures and have a lineage that predates World War 2. Multiple branches of most every Chinese martial art system exist and are properly notated on separate individual pages which discuss the history of the specific system.

 

1

Bafa Quan

Eight Methods Boxing – 八法拳 (Bāfǎ quán)
2

Bagua Zhang

Eight Trigrams Palm – 八卦掌 (Bāguà zhǎng)
3

Baihe Pai

Tibetan White Crane System – 白鹤派 (Báihè pài)
4

Baihe Quan

White Crane Boxing – 白鹤拳 (Báihè quán)
5

Baimei Quan

White Eyebrow Boxing – 白眉拳 (Báiméi quán)
6

Baji Quan

Eight Ultimates Boxing – 八极拳 (Bājí quán)
7

Bao Quan

Leopard Boxing – 豹拳 (Bào quán)
8

Bei Shaolin

Gu Ruzhang’s (顾汝章) Northern Shaolin – 北少林 (Běi Shàolín)
9

Cai Jia Quan

Cai Jiuyi’s (蔡九仪) Family Boxing – 蔡家拳 (Cài jiā quán)
10

Cai Li Fo

Cai, Li, and Fo Boxing – 蔡李佛 (Cài Lǐ Fó)
11

Cha Quan

Zha Shangyi’s (查尚义) Boxing – 查拳 (Chá quán / Zhā quán)
12

Chang Quan

Long Boxing – 长拳 (Cháng quán)
13

Chuo Jiao Men

Penetrating Feet System – 戳脚门 (Chuō jiǎo mén)
14

Ditang Quan

Ground Boxing – 地躺拳 (Dìtǎng quán)
15

Duan Quan

Short Boxing – 短拳 (Duǎn quán)
16

Emei Quan

Emei-mountain Boxing – 峨嵋拳 (Éméi quán)
17

Fanzi Quan

Eight Overturning Boxing – 八翻拳 (Bāfān quán)
18

Fojia Quan

Buddhist Boxing – 佛家拳 (Fójiā quán)
19

Gou Quan

Dog Boxing – 狗拳 (Gǒu quán)
20

Heihu Quan

Black Tiger Boxing – 黑虎拳 (Hēihǔ quán)
21

Hong Fo Quan

Hong and Buddhist Boxing – 洪佛拳 (Hóng Fó quán)
22

Hong Jia Quan

Hong society (洪门 Hóngmén) Boxing – 洪家拳 (Hóng jiā quán)
23

Hou Quan

Monkey Boxing – 猴拳 (Hóu quán)
24

Hua Quan

Hua-mountain Boxing – 华拳 (Huá quán) – Cai Mao’s (蔡茂)
25

Huxing Quan

Tiger Boxing – 虎形拳 (Hǔxíng quán)
26

Jingwu Men

Jingwu System – 精武门 (Jīngwǔ mén)
27

Kunlun Quan

Kunlun-mountain Boxing – 昆仑拳 (Kūnlún quán)
28

Lama Pai

Lama System – 喇嘛派 (Lǎma pài)
29

Li Jia Quan

Li Xikai’s (李锡开) Family Boxing – 李家拳 (Lǐ jiā quán)
30

Li Tong Pai

Li Tong’s System – 黎峒派 (Lí Tóng pài)
31

Liuhe Bafa

Six Harmonies Eight Methods – 六合八法 (Liùhé bāfǎ)
32

Longxing Quan

Dragon Boxing – 龙形拳 (Lóngxíng quán)
33

Luohan Quan

Arhat Boxing – 罗汉拳 (Luóhàn quán)
34

Meihua Quan

Plum Blossom Boxing – 梅花拳 (Méihuā quán)
35

Mian Quan

Cotton Boxing – 棉拳 (Mián quán)
36

Mizong Quan

Lost Track Boxing – 迷踪拳 (Mízōng quán)
37

Mo Jia Quan

Mo Dashi’s (莫达士) Family Boxing – 莫家拳 (Mò jiā quán)
38

Nan Pai Tanglang Quan

Southern System Mantis Boxing – 南派螳螂拳 (Nán pài tángláng quán)
39

Nan Quan

Southern Boxing – 南拳 (Nán quán)
40

Pao Chui

Cannon Boxing – 炮捶 (Pào chuí)
41

Pigua Quan

Chopping and Hanging Boxing – 劈挂拳 (Pīguà quán)
42

Rougong Men

Flexible Skill System – 柔功门 (Róugōng mén)
43

Shaolin Quan

Shaolin-temple Boxing – 少林拳 (Shàolín quán)
44

She Quan

Snake Boxing – 蛇拳 (Shé quán)
45

Shuaijiao

Wrestling – 摔跤 (Shuāijiāo)
46

Taiji Quan

Supreme Ultimate Boxing – 太极拳 (Tàijí quán)
47

Taizu Quan

Emperor Taizu’s Boxing – 太祖拳 (Tàizǔ quán)
48

Tanglang Quan

Mantis Boxing – 螳螂拳 (Tángláng quán)
49

Tantui

Pond Leg – 潭腿 (Tántuǐ)
50

Tongbei Quan

Through-the-back Boxing – 通背拳 (Tōngbèi quán)
51

Wudang Quan

Wudang-mountain Boxing – 武当拳 (Wǔdāng quán)
52

Wuxing Quan

Five Animals Boxing – 五形拳 (Wǔxíng quán)
53

Wuzu Quan

Five Ancestors Boxing – 五祖拳 (Wǔzǔ quán)
54

Xia Jia Quan

Xia Family Boxing – 侠家拳 (Xiá jiā quán)
55

Xingyi Quan

Shape and Intention Boxing – 形意拳 (Xíngyì quán)
56

Yi Quan

Intention Boxing – 意拳 (Yì quán)
57

Yingzhua Pai

Eagle Claw System – 鹰爪派 (Yīngzhuǎ pài)
58

Yongchun Quan

Yongchun Boxing  – 詠春拳 (Yǒngchūn quán) – Singing Spring-time Boxing)
59

Yue Jia Quan

General Yue Fei’s family Boxing – 岳家拳 (Yuè jiā quán)
60

Zhou Jia Quan

Zhou Family Boxing – 周家拳 (Zhōu jiā quán)
61

Ziran Men

Natural System – 自然门 (Zìrán mén)

Post-World War II systems of Chinese martial arts

The names of the following martial arts systems were either created after World War 2 and / or were influenced by other cultures.

1

Ba Ying Quan

Eight Shadows Boxing – 八影拳 (Bā yǐng quán)
2

Feng Shou

Wind Hand – 風手 (Fēng shǒu)
3

Jeet Kune Do

Li Zhenfan’s (Bruce Lee’s) Interception Boxing Methodology – Jeet Kune Do – 截拳道 (Jiéquándào)
4

Liu Xiang Quan Dao

Liu Xiang’s (Willem Reeders’s) Boxing Methodology – 刘相拳道 (Liú Xiàng quán dào)
5

Tianshan Pai

Tian Mountain System – 天山派 (Tiānshān pài)

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